Harpy / Harop

Suicide Drone (Loitering Munition)

The Harpy is a loitering munition, or “suicide drone” produced by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) . The Harpy is designed to attack radar systems and carries a high explosive warhead. 

In 2004, when Harpys sold to China in 1995 were to be upgraded in Israel in 2004, the USA demanded Israel seize them, after they were spotted in a Chinese military drill in 2002, though Israel claimed the Harpys had no US components, and therefor the US had no claim on them. Eventually Israel didn’t upgrade the drones, but did return them to China.

The Harop, first sold in 2005 to Turkey, is a later development of the Harpy. It can operate both fully autonomously, or be manually operated in its human-in-the-loop mode. If a target is not engaged, the drone can return and land itself back at base. 

In both 2016 and 2020, the Harop was used by Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict against Armenia.

Variations:  Harpy, Harop/Harpy 2

Use by Israeli forces:

While the Harop is in operational use by the Israeli Navy, we do not know of any use of it in combat by Israel to date.

Harpy / Harop

Suicide Drone

The Harpy is a loitering munition, or “suicide drone” produced by  Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) . The Harpy is designed to attack radar systems and carries a high explosive warhead. In 2004, when Harpys sold to China in 1995 were to be upgraded in Israel in 2004, the USA demanded Israel seize them, after they were spotted in a Chinese military drill in 2002, though Israel claimed the Harpys had no US components, and therefor the US had no claim on them. Eventually Israel didn’t upgrade the drones, but did return them to China.

The Harop, first sold in 2005 to Turkey, is a later development of the Harpy. It can operate both fully autonomously, or be manually operated in its human-in-the-loop mode. If a target is not engaged, the drone can return and land itself back at base. In both 2016 and 2020, the Harop was by Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

While the Harop is in operational use by the Israeli Navy, we do not know of any use of it in combat by Israel to date.