Heading 1

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Arms Sold:

Spike MR/LR

Litening

CORAL CR

Lizard

Reccelite

Spike ER

EL/W-2085

Ofeq Satellite

Companies:

EL-OP

Roboteam

MCTECH RF Technologies

Skip to:

Italy

Introduction:

Israel and Italy maintain close ties in the fields of diplomacy, trade, science (research and development), technology and security. Italy is Israel’s third largest and Israel is Italian’s 5th largest supplier of Arms in 2020. Italy and Israel conducted dozens of arms deals, many of them being reciprocal agreements. Israeli and Italian military forces conducted significant joint exercises since 2009.

Israel – Italy Relations:

Israel and Italy established diplomatic relations in 1949. Israel and Italy have cooperation agreements on R&D and on avoidance of double taxation.[1]

In 2010 in 2010 Italy became Israel’s second largest trade partner in the fields of science and technology, after the United States.[2] Trade between Israel and Italy was estimated at around $4 billion in 2018. Israel exports to Italy were $969.98m with the main goods being plastics, mineral fuels, chemical products and machinery.[3]

Italian prime ministers visited Israel in 2013[4] (Enrico Letta) and in 2015[5] (Matteo Renzi). Italian Deputy prime minister, Matteo Salvini, visited in 2018[6], both met Israeli prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during their visits. Prime minister Netanyahu visited Italy in 2013[7], 2014[8], 2015[9] and 2016[10].

Italy and Israel maintain strong scientific collaboration since 1971. The first collaboration agreement was signed in 1975. The collaboration included exchange of scientists, conferences, and has a strong focus on industrial, scientific and technological research and development. Israel and Italy allocated a budget of 800,000 Euro each per year for research since 2009.[11] There are also close work relations between the Israel Space Agency and Italian Space Agency.[12] [13] In September 2020 Israel and Italy launched a research Satellite to Space from French Guyana.[14]

In 2018 the Israel-Italy Joint Innovation Council for Industrial, Scientific and Technological cooperation in R&D decided to support financially academic and industrial cooperative project at a sum of $4,5 million. Approved projects were in areas such as innovative manufacturing processes, pharmaceutical development, cyber security, and transportation.[15]

In 2019 the Polytechnic University of Bari and the Technion of Haifa signed a cooperation agreement to collaborate in the fields of aerospace technologies, cybersecurity establishing a base for collaboration in hi-tech sectors.[16]

In July 2020 the Israeli government approved an agreement with Greece and Cyprus for the construction of a subsea pipeline that would supply Europe with natural gas from the eastern Mediterranean to Italy. The 6 billion euro pipeline is aimed to be completed by 2025. Invested in the pipeline in a joint venture are The European union, the pipeline’s owner IGI Poseidon, Italian energy group Edison and the Greek gas firm DEPA.[17]

Military Relations:

At €473 million ($634 million) Israel was Italian weapons industry’s top customer for 2012, according to the Rome government’s annual report for arms exports. This is largely due to the purchase of thirty M-346 combat trainer jets from Alenia Aermacchi, part of the Italian weapons-maker Finmeccanica, as part of a lopsided reciprocal procurement package in which Italy acquired approximately $1 billion in Israeli military and surveillance equipment. [18] In 2019 Italy was the third largest arms suppliers to Israel with 6.2%  after the US (78%) and Germany (16%).[19]

According to Sipri Israel was Italian’s 5th largest arms supplier between 2000-2019.[20] Israel exported to Italy among others Air-to-Ground missiles, guided bombs, Aircraft pods, satellites, and radars.[21]

In 2012 The Italian Defense Ministry purchased a high-resolution optical reconnaissance satellite from Israel, valued at more than $100 million.[22]

Israel Defense Ministry announced in 2019 a reciprocal agreement with Italy. Under the deal Israel will purchase seven training helicopters (AW119KX) as well as two simulators for the IAF flight school from an Italian defense contractor and Italy will buy an equivalent value of Israeli military technology, mainly Spike anti-tank missiles from Rafael and advanced simulators for helicopters in Italy.[23][24]

Regarding visits of military officials, in 2010 Chief of Staff, Gabi Ashkenazi visited Italy and met officials of the Italian Army. In 2012 the Italian chief of staff, Biagio Abrate, visited Israel and met the Israeli chief of staff, Beny Ganz.[25] In 2016, Israeli chief of staff Gadi Eizenkot visited Italy and met Italian chief of staff Claudio Graziani[26]. Another visit of Italian military officials, including Italians chief of staff, was planned for February 2020, but was cancelled due to the Covid-19 outbreak in Italy.[27]

Israel and Italy conduct close ties in the fields of cybersecurity and high-tech. Many Israeli cyber security companies have offices in Italy and are funded by Italian government or private companies. For example Israeli company DeseptiveBytes and Italian TAG-distribution represent the Italian headquarter of many innovative Israeli companies developing cybersecurity for banks, public administration and big enterprises.[28] In May 2020 Israel’s Export Institute executed a cybersecurity training range in Italy with the Israel National Cyber Directorate, the Israeli company Cympire, the Italian company Brinthesis and the Italian organization GCSEC.[29]

In 2019 US and Israel-based company, Roboteam, a maker of military robots systems, won an Italian government tender to supply the military police, with 40 ground robotic systems in deal estimated at $10 million.[30]  In the same year an anti-drone system of the Israeli company MCTECH RF Technologies was deployed in public space in Italy for a cultural event with approval and cooperation with Italian Police, the Carabinieri, the Customs Police, the Port Authority, Search and Rescue Forces, and the Navy.[31]

Joint exercise:

In 2009 the Israeli Air Force and the Italian Air Force conducted a joint exercise in Sardinia, Italy.

In 2011 Israeli Air Force and Italian Air Force conducted a joint exercise in Ovda, Israel.

In 2017 the Italians participated in the “Blue-Flag” international exercise held in Ovda, Israel.

In 2019 Israel and Italy carried out a joint submarine rescue drill.[32]

Usage of Israeli Arms:

  • Coral CR Thermal Imaging System – In use by Italian Army
  • Spike MR/LR – In Use by Italian Army and Italian Navy
  • Elop PLDR Laser designator – in use by Italian Army
  • Litening II – In use on AV-8B combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Litening III – In use on AMX combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Reccelite – In use on AMX combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • TIGR systems – in Use by Italian military police (Carabinieri)
  • EL/W-2085 In use on G-550 AEW aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Ofeq (OPTSAT) Recce Sateliite – In use by Italian ministry of Defense

Violations of Human Rights:

Refugees and Asylum Seekers:

Italy pursues an anti-immigration agenda through laws and policies aimed at restricting access to rights and preventing people rescued at sea from disembarking in Italy. There were numerous attempts at obstructing and criminalizing non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that rescued people at sea. Co-operation with the Libyan authorities to contain refugees and migrants in Libya also continued despite persisting grave human rights violations there. In close cooperation with Frontex and EMSA that are operating drones and ships for their border-security missions, Italy uses Pull- and Pushback practices in order to prevent migrants of crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Italy.[33] Pull- and pushbacks are violations of international law and are considered as crimes against humanity.

Between 2014-2020 around 20,000 migrants died in the Mediterranean Sea in the attempt to arrive to Europe. Between January and November 2020, about 575 people have died in the central Mediterranean, but the real number is estimated to be considerably higher, according to IOM.[34]

Despite the intensifying conflict and systemic abuses against refugees and migrants in Libya, the Italian authorities continued to support the Libyan maritime authorities, including by reportedly donating 10 new speedboats in November, and by training Libyan crews. Italy also kept assisting the Libyan authorities with the coordination of interceptions at sea, including through the continued stationing of an Italian Navy vessel in Tripoli.[35] It is estimated that in 2019 9,225 people were intercepted at sea by the Libyan authorities and returned to Libya, where most were arbitrarily detained in inhumane conditions[36]. In 2020, over 10,300 migrants have been intercepted at sea and sent back to Libya.[37]

After arriving in Italy, in 2019 an estimated 24,000 people were deprived of a legal status, curtailing their access to health care, housing, social services, education and work and leaving them vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.[38]

Right to housing and forced evictions

Thousands of Roma continued to live in segregated camps in sub-standard housing conditions and exposed to forced evictions.[39]

In May 2019, a community of about 450 people, including around 150 children, pregnant women and older people were left homeless after being forcibly evicted by the authorities from their settlement in the municipality of Giugliano in Campania, near Naples.[40]

Involvement in Conflicts and Wars

In 2001 Italy participated in an armed conflict in Macedonia between the Albanian National Liberation Army and Macedonian Security Forces, that were supported by European countries. [41] the conflict ended with a total of 1000 casualties, among them 150-250 civilians. [42] Italy also sent troops to Aghanistan since 2001 and to Iraq between 2003-2006. Italy also was involved in the Libyan Intervention under NATO.

Regardless of the reported human rights violations and the devastating impact of the ongoing armed conflict in Yemen on the population, Italy continues to export arms to members of the Saudi-led military coalition, in full contrast with Italian law 185/1990, which prohibits arms exports “to countries engaged in armed conflict”, and also in contrast with Italy’s obligations under the EU rules on arms export control and the International Arms Trade Treaty unanimously ratified by the Italia Parliament.[43]

Sales Records Table:

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
990 Spike-MR/LR anti tank missiles
Rafael
2009 (2009-2019)
EUR121m
incl. 90 launchers, incl. production of components and assembly in Italy.
Sipri
4 Litening II Aircraft EO systems
Rafael
2000
part of $25m deal
Litening-2 version; for AV-8B combat aircraft; ordered via USA
Sipri
ELOP PLDR and RATTLER laser designators
Elbit (El-Op)
2001 (2007-2011)
part of $5m deal
Rattler delivered in 2012
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-498647
40 CORAL CR Thermal Imaging systems
Elbit (El-Op)
2001 (2008-2011)
part of $5m deal
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-498647
300 Lizard guided bombs
Elbit
2001 (2001-2003)
$18m
Sipri
25 Litening III Aircraft EO systems
Rafael
2005 (2011-2012)
for modernized AMX combat aircraft
Sipri
10 Reccelite Aircraft recce systems
Rafael
2005 (2007-2008)
for modernized AMX combat aircraft
500 Spike-MR/LR Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2005 (2006-2007)
Possibly from FRG production line
Sipri
100 Lizard guided bombs
Elbit
2006 (2007)
Sipri
750 Spike-ER Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2010 (2013-2015)
for A-129 combat helicopters
Sipri
2 EL/W-2085 AEW&C systems
IAI
2012 (2016-2018)
for G-550 AEW aircraft
Sipri
1 Ofeq recce satellite
IAI
2012 (2017)
$182m
OPTSAT-3000 version
Sipri
800 Spike-MR/LR Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2019
deal included 126 launchers. delivery from 2021
Sipri
40 Transportable Interoperatble Ground Robot (TIGR) systems
Roboteam
2019
$10m
for Italian military Police (Carabinieri), including training and maintenance services,
https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-us-firm-roboteam-to-sell-military-robots-to-italy/
Skystar 300 Aerostat System
Aeronautics
2013
equipped with Controp Speed-A 3-axis stabilized optronic payload
https://web.archive.org/web/20141224102526/http://www.armada.ch/border-and-base-perimeters-no-trespassing-please/

1. ^ http://www.economy.gov.il/English/InternationalAffairs/ForeignTradeAdministration/TradePolicyAgreements/Pages/TradeEconomicAgreementsTable.aspx

2. ^ https://www.jpost.com/business/business-news/italy-now-israels-2nd-largest-trading-partner-in-sci-tech

3. ^ https://tradingeconomics.com/israel/exports/italy

4. ^ https://www.gov.il/en/departments/news/spokeitaly300613

5. ^ https://mfa.gov.il/MFA/PressRoom/2015/Pages/Italian-PM-Renzi-arrives-in-Israel-22-Jul-2015.aspx

6. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/italys-controversial-far-right-deputy-pm-arrives-in-israel/

7. ^ https://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Olmert-faults-Netanyahu-on-Iran-nuclear-diplomacy-says-PM-has-declared-war-on-US-333630

8. ^ http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/PressRoom/2014/Pages/PM-Netanyahu-departs-on-official-visit-to-Rome-15-December-2014.aspx

9. ^ http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/PressRoom/2015/Pages/PM-Netanyahu-departs-working-visit-to-Italy-26-Aug-2015.aspx

10. ^http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/PressRoom/2016/Pages/PM-Netanyahu-meets-with-Italian-PM-Renzi-27-June-2016.aspx

11. ^ https://www.gov.il/en/departments/general/most_intl_countries_it

12. ^ https://www.gov.il/en/departments/general/most_intl_countries_it

13. ^ https://bandiasi.almaviva.it/en/news/italy-israel-space-cooperation-confirmed

14. ^ https://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/1599118151-israel-italy-launch-dido-iii-medical-research-satellite-into-space

15. ^ https://mfa.gov.il/MFA/InnovativeIsrael/DoingBusiness/Pages/Israel-and-Italy-announce-joint-investments-in-innovative-cooperative-projects-11-June-2018.aspx

16. ^ https://www.investorvisa.it/2019/02/25/yossi-bar-israel-loves-italian-economic-opportunities-and-culture/

17. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-europe-natgas-idUSKCN24K0FN

18. ^ https://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/777d544a-d1bc-11e1-badb-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2kLQpusnc

19. ^ https://www.jpost.com/israel-news/israels-arms-exports-over-past-four-years-at-highest-ever-620561

20. ^ Sipri

21. ^ Sipri

22. ^ https://spacenews.com/italian-military-buys-100m-spy-satellite-israel-exchange-deal/

23. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-inks-multi-million-dollar-deal-with-italy-for-training-helicopters/

24. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/jerusalem-rome-finalize-defense-trade-italian-choppers-for-israeli-missiles/

25. ^ https://www.inn.co.il/news/245421

26. ^ https://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4789946,00.html

27. ^ https://www.maariv.co.il/news/military/Article-750202

28. ^ http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/4528458

29. ^ https://www.cympire.com/star_cert/

30. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-us-firm-roboteam-to-sell-military-robots-to-italy/

31. ^ https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/node/39489

32. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-navy-says-it-successfully-carried-out-submarine-rescue-drill-with-italy/

33. ^ https://kaluinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/attachments/FabioBeltramini/ItalyAndThePushBackPolicy.pdf

34. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/12/bodies-of-74-migrants-wash-up-on-libyan-beach

35. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/italy/report-italy/

36. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/italy/report-italy/

37. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/12/bodies-of-74-migrants-wash-up-on-libyan-beach

38. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/italy/report-italy/

39. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/italy/report-italy/

40. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/italy/report-italy/

41. ^ https://archive.org/details/macedonia00john/page/161/mode/2up

42. ^ https://archive.org/details/macedonia00john/page/161/mode/2up

43. ^ https://old.business-humanrights.org/en/italian-liability-for-human-rights-violations-in-yemen-%E2%80%93-are-authorities-and-arms-manufacturer-complicit-in-deadly-saudi-coalition-airstrike

Italy

Israel and Italy maintain close ties in the fields of diplomacy, trade, science (research and development), technology and security. Italy is Israel’s third largest and Israel is Italian’s 5th largest supplier of Arms in 2020. Italy and Israel conducted dozens of arms deals, many of them being reciprocal agreements. Israeli and Italian military forces conducted significant joint exercises since 2009.

Israel and Italy established diplomatic relations in 1949. Israel and Italy have cooperation agreements on R&D and on avoidance of double taxation.[1]

In 2010 in 2010 Italy became Israel’s second largest trade partner in the fields of science and technology, after the United States.[2] Trade between Israel and Italy was estimated at around $4 billion in 2018. Israel exports to Italy were $969.98m with the main goods being plastics, mineral fuels, chemical products and machinery.[3]

Italian prime ministers visited Israel in 2013[4] (Enrico Letta) and in 2015[5] (Matteo Renzi). Italian Deputy prime minister, Matteo Salvini, visited in 2018[6], both met Israeli prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during their visits. Prime minister Netanyahu visited Italy in 2013[7], 2014[8], 2015[9] and 2016[10].

Italy and Israel maintain strong scientific collaboration since 1971. The first collaboration agreement was signed in 1975. The collaboration included exchange of scientists, conferences, and has a strong focus on industrial, scientific and technological research and development. Israel and Italy allocated a budget of 800,000 Euro each per year for research since 2009.[11] There are also close work relations between the Israel Space Agency and Italian Space Agency.[12] [13] In September 2020 Israel and Italy launched a research Satellite to Space from French Guyana.[14]

In 2018 the Israel-Italy Joint Innovation Council for Industrial, Scientific and Technological cooperation in R&D decided to support financially academic and industrial cooperative project at a sum of $4,5 million. Approved projects were in areas such as innovative manufacturing processes, pharmaceutical development, cyber security, and transportation.[15]

In 2019 the Polytechnic University of Bari and the Technion of Haifa signed a cooperation agreement to collaborate in the fields of aerospace technologies, cybersecurity establishing a base for collaboration in hi-tech sectors.[16]

In July 2020 the Israeli government approved an agreement with Greece and Cyprus for the construction of a subsea pipeline that would supply Europe with natural gas from the eastern Mediterranean to Italy. The 6 billion euro pipeline is aimed to be completed by 2025. Invested in the pipeline in a joint venture are The European union, the pipeline’s owner IGI Poseidon, Italian energy group Edison and the Greek gas firm DEPA.[17]

At €473 million ($634 million) Israel was Italian weapons industry’s top customer for 2012, according to the Rome government’s annual report for arms exports. This is largely due to the purchase of thirty M-346 combat trainer jets from Alenia Aermacchi, part of the Italian weapons-maker Finmeccanica, as part of a lopsided reciprocal procurement package in which Italy acquired approximately $1 billion in Israeli military and surveillance equipment. [18] In 2019 Italy was the third largest arms suppliers to Israel with 6.2%  after the US (78%) and Germany (16%).[19]

According to Sipri Israel was Italian’s 5th largest arms supplier between 2000-2019.[20] Israel exported to Italy among others Air-to-Ground missiles, guided bombs, Aircraft pods, satellites, and radars.[21]

In 2012 The Italian Defense Ministry purchased a high-resolution optical reconnaissance satellite from Israel, valued at more than $100 million.[22]

Israel Defense Ministry announced in 2019 a reciprocal agreement with Italy. Under the deal Israel will purchase seven training helicopters (AW119KX) as well as two simulators for the IAF flight school from an Italian defense contractor and Italy will buy an equivalent value of Israeli military technology, mainly Spike anti-tank missiles from Rafael and advanced simulators for helicopters in Italy.[23][24]

Regarding visits of military officials, in 2010 Chief of Staff, Gabi Ashkenazi visited Italy and met officials of the Italian Army. In 2012 the Italian chief of staff, Biagio Abrate, visited Israel and met the Israeli chief of staff, Beny Ganz.[25] In 2016, Israeli chief of staff Gadi Eizenkot visited Italy and met Italian chief of staff Claudio Graziani[26]. Another visit of Italian military officials, including Italians chief of staff, was planned for February 2020, but was cancelled due to the Covid-19 outbreak in Italy.[27]

Israel and Italy conduct close ties in the fields of cybersecurity and high-tech. Many Israeli cyber security companies have offices in Italy and are funded by Italian government or private companies. For example Israeli company DeseptiveBytes and Italian TAG-distribution represent the Italian headquarter of many innovative Israeli companies developing cybersecurity for banks, public administration and big enterprises.[28] In May 2020 Israel’s Export Institute executed a cybersecurity training range in Italy with the Israel National Cyber Directorate, the Israeli company Cympire, the Italian company Brinthesis and the Italian organization GCSEC.[29]

In 2019 US and Israel-based company, Roboteam, a maker of military robots systems, won an Italian government tender to supply the military police, with 40 ground robotic systems in deal estimated at $10 million.[30]  In the same year an anti-drone system of the Israeli company MCTECH RF Technologies was deployed in public space in Italy for a cultural event with approval and cooperation with Italian Police, the Carabinieri, the Customs Police, the Port Authority, Search and Rescue Forces, and the Navy.[31]

Joint exercise:

In 2009 the Israeli Air Force and the Italian Air Force conducted a joint exercise in Sardinia, Italy.

In 2011 Israeli Air Force and Italian Air Force conducted a joint exercise in Ovda, Israel.

In 2017 the Italians participated in the “Blue-Flag” international exercise held in Ovda, Israel.

In 2019 Israel and Italy carried out a joint submarine rescue drill.[32]

  • Coral CR Thermal Imaging System – In use by Italian Army
  • Spike MR/LR – In Use by Italian Army and Italian Navy
  • Elop PLDR Laser designator – in use by Italian Army
  • Litening II – In use on AV-8B combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Litening III – In use on AMX combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Reccelite – In use on AMX combat aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • TIGR systems – in Use by Italian military police (Carabinieri)
  • EL/W-2085 In use on G-550 AEW aircraft by Italian Air Force
  • Ofeq (OPTSAT) Recce Sateliite – In use by Italian ministry of Defense

Refugees and Asylum Seekers:

Italy pursues an anti-immigration agenda through laws and policies aimed at restricting access to rights and preventing people rescued at sea from disembarking in Italy. There were numerous attempts at obstructing and criminalizing non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that rescued people at sea. Co-operation with the Libyan authorities to contain refugees and migrants in Libya also continued despite persisting grave human rights violations there. In close cooperation with Frontex and EMSA that are operating drones and ships for their border-security missions, Italy uses Pull- and Pushback practices in order to prevent migrants of crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Italy.[33] Pull- and pushbacks are violations of international law and are considered as crimes against humanity.

Between 2014-2020 around 20,000 migrants died in the Mediterranean Sea in the attempt to arrive to Europe. Between January and November 2020, about 575 people have died in the central Mediterranean, but the real number is estimated to be considerably higher, according to IOM.[34]

Despite the intensifying conflict and systemic abuses against refugees and migrants in Libya, the Italian authorities continued to support the Libyan maritime authorities, including by reportedly donating 10 new speedboats in November, and by training Libyan crews. Italy also kept assisting the Libyan authorities with the coordination of interceptions at sea, including through the continued stationing of an Italian Navy vessel in Tripoli.[35] It is estimated that in 2019 9,225 people were intercepted at sea by the Libyan authorities and returned to Libya, where most were arbitrarily detained in inhumane conditions[36]. In 2020, over 10,300 migrants have been intercepted at sea and sent back to Libya.[37]

After arriving in Italy, in 2019 an estimated 24,000 people were deprived of a legal status, curtailing their access to health care, housing, social services, education and work and leaving them vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.[38]

Right to housing and forced evictions

Thousands of Roma continued to live in segregated camps in sub-standard housing conditions and exposed to forced evictions.[39]

In May 2019, a community of about 450 people, including around 150 children, pregnant women and older people were left homeless after being forcibly evicted by the authorities from their settlement in the municipality of Giugliano in Campania, near Naples.[40]

Involvement in Conflicts and Wars

In 2001 Italy participated in an armed conflict in Macedonia between the Albanian National Liberation Army and Macedonian Security Forces, that were supported by European countries. [41] the conflict ended with a total of 1000 casualties, among them 150-250 civilians. [42] Italy also sent troops to Aghanistan since 2001 and to Iraq between 2003-2006. Italy also was involved in the Libyan Intervention under NATO.

Regardless of the reported human rights violations and the devastating impact of the ongoing armed conflict in Yemen on the population, Italy continues to export arms to members of the Saudi-led military coalition, in full contrast with Italian law 185/1990, which prohibits arms exports “to countries engaged in armed conflict”, and also in contrast with Italy’s obligations under the EU rules on arms export control and the International Arms Trade Treaty unanimously ratified by the Italia Parliament.[43]

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
990 Spike-MR/LR anti tank missiles
Rafael
2009 (2009-2019)
EUR121m
incl. 90 launchers, incl. production of components and assembly in Italy.
Sipri
4 Litening II Aircraft EO systems
Rafael
2000
part of $25m deal
Litening-2 version; for AV-8B combat aircraft; ordered via USA
Sipri
ELOP PLDR and RATTLER laser designators
Elbit (El-Op)
2001 (2007-2011)
part of $5m deal
Rattler delivered in 2012
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-498647
40 CORAL CR Thermal Imaging systems
Elbit (El-Op)
2001 (2008-2011)
part of $5m deal
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-498647
300 Lizard guided bombs
Elbit
2001 (2001-2003)
$18m
Sipri
25 Litening III Aircraft EO systems
Rafael
2005 (2011-2012)
for modernized AMX combat aircraft
Sipri
10 Reccelite Aircraft recce systems
Rafael
2005 (2007-2008)
for modernized AMX combat aircraft
500 Spike-MR/LR Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2005 (2006-2007)
Possibly from FRG production line
Sipri
100 Lizard guided bombs
Elbit
2006 (2007)
Sipri
750 Spike-ER Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2010 (2013-2015)
for A-129 combat helicopters
Sipri
2 EL/W-2085 AEW&C systems
IAI
2012 (2016-2018)
for G-550 AEW aircraft
Sipri
1 Ofeq recce satellite
IAI
2012 (2017)
$182m
OPTSAT-3000 version
Sipri
800 Spike-MR/LR Anti-tank missiles
Rafael
2019
deal included 126 launchers. delivery from 2021
Sipri
40 Transportable Interoperatble Ground Robot (TIGR) systems
Roboteam
2019
$10m
for Italian military Police (Carabinieri), including training and maintenance services,
https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-us-firm-roboteam-to-sell-military-robots-to-italy/
Skystar 300 Aerostat System
Aeronautics
2013
equipped with Controp Speed-A 3-axis stabilized optronic payload
https://web.archive.org/web/20141224102526/http://www.armada.ch/border-and-base-perimeters-no-trespassing-please/