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Arms Sold:

MANPADS

TROPHY

Iron Fist

Spike-NLOS

Kfir aircraft

Skyhawk aircraft

Litening

Iron Dome

Golan APC

Popeye missile

Tower System

MH-60 HDTS

Integrated Fixed Tower System

Cybersecurity training center

TCLS

TROPHY

Companies:

Skip to:

USA

Introduction:


The U.S. and Israel are engaged in extensive strategic, political and military cooperation, that includes American supply of arms, intelligence sharing and joint military exercises. Close cooperation was also recorded in the sectors of cyber security and homeland security. 14% of Israeli arms export between 2014-2018 went to the U.S. It includes among others surveillance systems, drones, aircrafts, missiles, border security systems, cyber security service and the Iron Dome defense system.

Israel – USA Relations:

 

The United States was the first country to recognize Israel as a state in 1948, and the first to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in 2017.

The U.S.-Israel economic and commercial relationship is strong, anchored by bilateral trade of close to $50 billion in goods and services annually. U.S.-Israel bilateral economic relations are codified in a number of treaties and agreements, including the 1985 U.S.-Israel Free Trade Agreement (FTA). Since signing the FTA in 1985, U.S.-Israel bilateral goods and services trade has grown eight-fold, making the United States Israel’s largest trading partner. U.S. goods exports to Israel in 2019 were $14.7 billion, with $19.6 billion of imports in 2019. Exports to the USA from Israel include: pharmaceuticals, chemicals, machinery and equipment, medical equipment, rubber and plastic, telecom equipment, metal products, electronic and optical equipment and computer systems.[1] 

U.S. exports of services to Israel were an estimated $5.7 billion in 2019, with imports of $7.4 billion. The United States and Israel also coordinate scientific and cultural exchanges through the Binational Science Foundation (BSF), the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Foundation (BARD), Binational Industrial Research and Development Foundation (BIRD) and the U.S.-Israeli Education Foundation. To facilitate economic cooperation, the two countries convene a Joint Economic Development Group each year to discuss our economic partnership and possible initiatives for the coming year.[2]

Military Relations:

 

The US and Israel are engaged in extensive strategic and military cooperation. It includes American aid, intelligence sharing and joint military exercises. Israel’s security is a long-standing cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. The United States’ commitment to Israel’s security is supported by robust defense cooperation and the 10-year, $38 billion Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the United States and Israel in 2016. Consistent with the MOU, the United States annually provides $3.3 billion in Foreign Military Financing and $500 million for cooperative programs for missile defense.[3]

In 2019 the U.S. provided $3.8 billion in foreign military aid to Israel.[4] Israel also benefits from $8 billion of loan guarantees.[5]

Since 1952 around 40 MoU’s and bilateral agreements were signed between the USA and Israel. The complete and detailed list is published by American-Israeli cooperative enterprise on this link.

64% of Israeli arms imports between 2014 and 2018 came from the U.S., according to SIPRI.[6] 14% of Israeli arms export between 2014-2018 went to the U.S.[7]

In 1996 the Counter-Terrorism Accord between the USA and Israel was signed.[8] The Agreement was about cooperation in information sharing, training, investigations, research and development and policymaking.

Homeland-Security:


At federal, state and local levels there is close Israeli-American cooperation on homeland security. There are many areas of partnership, including preparedness and protection of travel and trade. Some examples:

  • In 2004 Israeli designed Hermes 450 drones, made by Elbit Systems, began operation on the US-Mexican border to prevent migrants from crossing into the US.
  • In 2005 U.S national guard leaders visited Israel to forge cooperation on Home Front Command.
  • In 2010 the USA and Israel sigend an agreement to increase aviation security cooperation
  • Israeli educational training, cyber security and arms are used in many American international airports.
  • In 2014 the US department of homeland security secured Israeli firm Elbit Systems for a $145 million contract to upgrade and secure the US borders. The agreement includes the import of Israeli surveillance equipment.
 

Cyber-security, Science and Technology

In 2008 the US and Israel signed an agreement to increase their science and technology cooperation. The agreement includes sharing of information, personnel exchanges, enhancement of security of physical and online infrastructures and research in protection from nuclear, chemical and biological attacks.

In 2016 the Israel National Cyber Bureau (INCB) and the National Cyber Security Authority signed a cyber defense cooperation agreement with officials from the US department of Homeland Security. In 2017 the USA and Israel formed a bilateral working group to fight cyber-attacks. The cooperation includes American congressmen, FBI agents, members of the US defense and homeland security departments and members of the Israeli Shin Bet, the Israeli military, the department of foreign affairs and defense ministries.

The United States and Israel have cooperated on intelligence matters since the 1950s. Israel provided the US with information on weapons systems captured from different sources and with human intelligence. The U.S. provided Israel with satellite imagery. The NSA has acknowledged that it provides Israel with raw unfiltered information intercepts that include private details and messages of American citizens. [9]

Joint Development

1988 – joint development of the “Arrow” anti-ballistic missile program, that was funded by Israel and the US.[10]

2003 – USA and Israel signed an agreement to cooperate in the development of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The agreement includes a special bilateral security deal that permits Israel to give input on the design. An Israeli program office was opened in Washington[11]. In 2013 the Pentagon decided to include a helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) developed by Elbit and Rockwell Collins in all F-35 jets.[12]

2015 – the U.S.-Israel Anti-Tunnel Defense Cooperation Act – USA initiated a joint research and development program with Israel aimed at evaluating and addressing tunnel threats.[13]

2011-2019 – joint design and development of Iron Dome missile defense system. Design and tracking radar built by Elta, battle management and weapon control system designed by mPrest Systems, the missing firing unit developed by Rafael. As of April 2018, the United States had provided $1.397 billion to Israel for Iron Dome batteries, interceptors, coproduction costs, and general maintenance. In January 2019, the U.S. Army was expected to request funding from Congress to procure two Iron Dome batteries. The $373 million deal would include 240 Tamir interceptor missiles, twelve launchers, and two radars and command trailers.[14]

Joint military and police training and cooperation:

Police: since 2002 thousands of American law enforcement officials have trained in Israel with Israeli police, military, and the Shin Bet. And thousands more have participated in security conferences and workshops with Israeli military, law enforcement and security officials held in the U.S. For a full report on Israeli American police cooperation – click here.

Military: Israeli and American infantry, naval and air forces are training and cooperating on a regular base. Hundreds of delegations, joint military exercises and training courses have been held since the year 2000.[15]

In 2017 the USA and Israel decided to build a new U.S. military base at the Israeli Air Defense School near Beersheba. The base will support a contingent of American soldiers who will operate missile and rocket defense systems.[16]

Usage of Israeli Arms:

 

Israel involvement in the Gulf war

Israeli Arms used by American forces: Pioneer UAV, Have Nap Air-launced missiles (on American B52 Bombers), Mine plows, Mobile bridges, conformal fuel tanks for F15 aircraft (developed by IAI), Night vision goggles, Litening targeting pods.

Israel involvement in the Kosovo war

Israeli-designed drones were used in NATO’s operation in Kosovo and Serbia, gathering intelligence and data. Used: Hunter UAV (IAI), Pioneer UAV (IAI).

Israel involvement in the Iraq war

Israel contributed military intelligence on the region. Israeli arms were used by USA in the war: Popeye (AGM-142), Hunter UAV, Pioneer UAV, Litening Targeting Pods. US forces were trained bjy Israeli units in the US and in Israel. [17]

Israel’s involvement in border protection at the U.S.-Mexico border:

  • integrated fixed towers system (Elbit): In usage by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in U.S. Border Patrol Casa Grande Area of Responsibility in Arizona since 2014. In July 2019, 55 towers were deployed.[18] The first deal with Elbit was in 2014 ($145m)[19], an additional contract in 2019 ($26m).[20]
  • Hermes 450 drones have been used since 2004 on the U.S. Mexico border. [21]
  • Drone-interception-system was ordered by U.S. Border Patrol from ELTA/IA for usage on Mexican border. It will be delivered by the end of 2020. The Stormguard ELM-2135 will be part of the system. [22]
 

Israel influences on US police violence and control and suppression of protests:  

around 20 years of U.S.-Israeli exchange of tactics used in police violence and control, including mass surveillance, racial profiling and the suppression of protests and dissent. Research by JVP and RAIA from 2018 shows that thousands of law enforcement officials from the U.S. have been sent to Israel to meet with military and police forces and to participate in conferences, training, and workshops. [23]

Human Rights Violations:

 

The US has the highest reported criminal incarceration rate in the world, with 2.2 million people in jails and prisons and another 4.5 million on probation and parole as of 2017. Stark racial disparities exist in the prison population with an imprisonment rate for black men that is almost six times the rate for white men. The death penalty is allowed in 29 states. [24]

Nearly 1,000 individuals were killed by law enforcement personnel using firearms in 2018. The limited data available suggested that Black people were disproportionately impacted by police use of lethal force.[25]

The USA continued to implement increasingly draconian immigration policies to drastically limit access to asylum procedures at the US-Mexico border, resulting in irreparable harm to thousands of individuals and families. These policies included ongoing unlawful mass pushbacks of tens of thousands of asylum-seekers at the US-Mexico border (constituting refoulement); and the forced return to Mexico of tens of thousands of asylum-seekers under the so-called “Migrant Protection Protocols”.[26]

The authorities also detained asylum-seekers arbitrarily and indefinitely as a means of deterring them from seeking protection and/or compelling them to give up their asylum claims, thereby inflicting cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Children, women, older people, LGBTI people and people with disabilities or acute medical conditions were at particular risk of such ill-treatment from the agony of arbitrary detention and inadequate detention facilities.[27]

In 2019 US officials continued to regularly separate migrant children from adult relatives, including from parents. The Trump administration announced in 2019 a new regulation that would allow children and their families to be detained indefinitely.[28]

The US government violated the rights of human rights defenders, including deterring and punishing people that documented systematic human rights violations by US authorities[29]. A leaked government document showed that CBP had made a list of journalists, activists, and others addressing immigration issues near the country’s southern border.[30]

Regarding surveillance and data protection, in August 2019, the Trump administration asked Congress to renew section 215 of the USA Patriot Act, which has enabled the National Security Agency (NSA) to gather, store, and search hundreds of millions of US telephone records in violation of human rights.[31]

Globally:

The USA repeatedly resorted to lethal force in countries around the world, including using armed drones, in violation of its obligations under international human rights law. This usage may have resulted in unlawful killings and injuries, in some cases constituting war crimes.

In May 2019, the Department of Defense reported that in 2018, 120 civilians were killed and approximately 65 civilians injured during US military operations in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and Somalia, and no civilian casualties from US operations in Yemen or Libya[32]. Independent tracking organizations published civilian casualty estimates related to US operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Yemen, and Libya that far exceed those of the Defense Department.[33]

US airstrikes in Afghanistan reached record levels in 2019, with over 8,000 bombs and missiles dropped on Afghanistan between January and September 2019, killing and injuring over 800 civilians, at least 250 of them children. An estimated 14,000 US troops remained in Afghanistan, including US special forces involved in combat operations. CIA-backed Afghan paramilitary units outside the regular chain of command have committed extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances.[34]

Sales Records Table:

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
MANPADS (Man Portable Aerial Defense System)
ELTA/IAI
2017
$15.5m
Link
Skystar 180 surveillance balloon
RT
2015
Link
Passive Airborne Warning System
Elbit
2020
$471m
for F-16 fighter jets, US Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Command
Link
TROPHY Active Protection System (APS)
Rafael
2018
$193m
for tanks
Link
Iron Fist Light (Common Laser Range Finder) protection system
Elbit
2015
$73.3m
for it’s armored personnel carriers
Link
453 Cardom 120mm mortars
Soltam
2002 (2002-2010)
for Stryker mortar carrier
Sipri
Spike-NLOS SSM/ASM missiles
Rafael
2019
for use by AH-64E combat helicopters
Sipri, Link
six Kfir C-2 aircrafts
IAI
2001-2002 (2002-2004)
second hand, for training
Sipri
13 Skyhawk Aircrafts
2000 (2001)
second hand, for training
Sipri, Link
450 Litening targeting pods (different types)
Rafael
2000-2019
more than $265m
for combat aircrafts
Sipri, Link
Iron Dome System
Rafael
2019
$373m
includes: two command posts and radars,12 launchers,480 Tamir CAS missiles
Link
60 Golan APC armored vehicles
Rafael
2007
$37m
(part of MRAP2 program) for usage in Iraq
Sipri
9 EL/M-2022 Airborne Maritime Surveillance Radar
IAI
2006 (2008-2010), 2012 (2016-2017)
Sipri
two Aerostar tactical UAVs
Aeronautics
2004
for training
Sipri
292 Popeye / AGM-142A Air-to-Surface missiles
Rafael
1998 (2000-2005)
Spiri
In-Fill Radar and Tower System
Elbit
2017
for U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Link
aircraft support services
Elbit
2017
$176m
Link
SKUNK crowd control weapon
Odortec
2015
for water cannons
Link
MH-60 helmet display tracker systems (HDTS)
Elbit
2017
$49m
Link
operator interface and computer processing
Elbit
2017
$166m
Link
cockpit display systems
Elbit
2017
for Lockheed Martin’s F-35 aircraft
Link
Integrated Fixed Tower (IFT) Border Security System
Elbit
2017
for U.S. Customs and Border Protection for the Douglas, Arizona, Area of Responsibility
Link
Cybersecurity Training and Simulation Center
Elbit, Cyberbit
2017
for Baltimore Cyber Range and Cyberbit
Link
Head-Up Displays
Elbit
2017
$31.5m
for Aviator Night Vision Imaging Systems
Link
Elbit Systems buys Universal Avionics for $120m
Elbit
2018
Cockpit solutions
Link
MV-22 Sustainment
Elbit
2018
$16m
Link
Two-Color Laser System (TCLS)
Elbit
2019
for Raytheon’s Multi-Spectral Targeting System.
Link
upgrade of avionics on the intelligence planes
Elbit
2019
$5m
Link
ISR avionics refresh
Elbit
2019
$5-21m
for Air National Guard RC-26B
Link
HERO-30 loitering munitions
UVision
2019
manufacturing in the U.S.
Link
Integrated Fixed Surveillance Tower Project
Elbit
2014
$145m
for arizona-mexico border
Link
Integrated Fixed Towers System
Elbit
2019
$26m
for Arizona
Link
Logistical Support and Maintenance of Various Aircraft
Elbit
2019
USA
Link
cockpit displays, embedded training systems, datalinks
Elbit
2019
for pilot training aircraft.
Link
100 aircraft wings
Elbit
2019
$35m
for F-35
Link
repair of digital display indicator
Elbit
2019
$85m
for US Navy
Link
Marines binoculars
Elbit
2019
$25m
Link
Trophy anti-missile protection systems
Rafael
2019
$500m
Link
12,000 Laser probes upgrades
Elbit
2019
for air-to-ground missiles
Link
Missile Warning Technology
Elbit
2020
$472m
for F-16 combat jets
Link
2 Hermes 450 drones
Elbit
2004
supply to CPB for usage on mexican border
Link
ELM-2135 StormGuard drone-interception system
Elta/IAI
2020
for US border patrol
Link
Helmet Display Tracker Systems
Elbit
2020
$31m
to the Navy for Knighthawk/Seahawk Pilots
Link

1. ^ https://www.export.gov.il/api/Media/ExportInstitueEnglish/Services/Economic%20Unit/DevelopmensandtrendsinIsraelexportsSummaryof2018.pdf

2. ^ https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-israel/

3. ^ https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-israel/

4. ^ https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf

5. ^ https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf

6. ^ Sipri

7. ^ Sipri

8. ^ https://mfa.gov.il/MFA/PressRoom/1996/Pages/REMARKS%20BY%20PRESIDENT%20CLINTON%20AND%20ISRAELI%20PM%20PERES-.aspx

9. ^ https://www.jpost.com/International/Report-Israel-receives-intelligence-from-US-containing-private-information-on-US-citizens-325871

10. ^ https://www.army-technology.com/projects/arrow2/

11. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/us-israel-cooperation-on-the-f-35-joint-strike-fighter-plane

12. ^ https://www.jpost.com/Defense/Elbit-Rockwell-Collins-welcome-Pentagons-adoption-of-their-helmet-for-F-35-fighter-jets-328549

13. ^ https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-us-congressional-committee-approves-israel-tunnel-detection-aid-1001031996

14. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-iron-dome

15. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/u-s-israel-strategic-and-military-cooperation

16. ^ https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2017/09/18/us-breaks-ground-for-new-permanent-base-in-israel/

17. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/israel-aids-u-s-campaign-in-iraq

18. ^ https://theintercept.com/2019/08/25/border-patrol-israel-elbit-surveillance/ , http://www.jewishaz.com/community/israeli-tech-co-provides-security-at-arizona-mexico-border/article_4f7fc6e0-a800-11e9-b325-c38a8afa6487.html

19. ^ https://www.jpost.com/international/elbit-to-build-surveillance-towers-on-arizonas-border-with-mexico-344005

20. ^ https://defpost.com/elbit-systems-awarded-26m-contract-by-u-s-cbp-to-install-integrated-fixed-tower-system-in-arizona/

21. ^ https://www.haaretz.com/1.4709409 , https://nacla.org/news/2015/01/27/israel-mexico-border

22. ^ https://www.israeldefense.co.il/node/42575

23. ^ https://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Deadly-Exchange-Report-Code-939480235.pdf

24. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/united-states

25. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/americas/united-states-of-america/report-united-states-of-america/

26. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/americas/united-states-of-america/report-united-states-of-america/

27. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/americas/united-states-of-america/report-united-states-of-america/

28. ^ https://www.dhs.gov/news/2019/08/21/dhs-and-hhs-announce-new-rule-implement-flores-settlement-agreement

29. ^ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/americas/united-states-of-america/report-united-states-of-america/

30. ^ https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/u-s-officials-made-list-reporters-lawyers-activists-question-border-n980301

31. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/united-states

32. ^ https://media.defense.gov/2019/May/02/2002126767/-1/-1/1/ANNUAL-REPORT-CIVILIAN-CASUALTIES-IN-CONNECTION-WITH-US-MILITARY-OPERATIONS.PDF

33. ^ https://www.justsecurity.org/63898/the-pentagons-2018-civilian-casualties-report-whats-in-it-and-whats-next/

34. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/united-states

USA

The U.S. and Israel are engaged in extensive strategic, political and military cooperation, that includes American supply of arms, intelligence sharing and joint military exercises. Close cooperation was also recorded in the sectors of cyber security and homeland security. 14% of Israeli arms export between 2014-2018 went to the U.S. It includes among others surveillance systems, drones, aircrafts, missiles, border security systems, cyber security service and the Iron Dome defense system.

The United States was the first country to recognize Israel as a state in 1948, and the first to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in 2017.

The U.S.-Israel economic and commercial relationship is strong, anchored by bilateral trade of close to $50 billion in goods and services annually. U.S.-Israel bilateral economic relations are codified in a number of treaties and agreements, including the 1985 U.S.-Israel Free Trade Agreement (FTA). Since signing the FTA in 1985, U.S.-Israel bilateral goods and services trade has grown eight-fold, making the United States Israel’s largest trading partner. U.S. goods exports to Israel in 2019 were $14.7 billion, with $19.6 billion of imports in 2019. Exports to the USA from Israel include: pharmaceuticals, chemicals, machinery and equipment, medical equipment, rubber and plastic, telecom equipment, metal products, electronic and optical equipment and computer systems.[1] U.S. exports of services to Israel were an estimated $5.7 billion in 2019, with imports of $7.4 billion. The United States and Israel also coordinate scientific and cultural exchanges through the Binational Science Foundation (BSF), the Binational Agricultural Research and Development Foundation (BARD), Binational Industrial Research and Development Foundation (BIRD) and the U.S.-Israeli Education Foundation. To facilitate economic cooperation, the two countries convene a Joint Economic Development Group each year to discuss our economic partnership and possible initiatives for the coming year.[2]

The US and Israel are engaged in extensive strategic and military cooperation. It includes American aid, intelligence sharing and joint military exercises. Israel’s security is a long-standing cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. The United States’ commitment to Israel’s security is supported by robust defense cooperation and the 10-year, $38 billion Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the United States and Israel in 2016. Consistent with the MOU, the United States annually provides $3.3 billion in Foreign Military Financing and $500 million for cooperative programs for missile defense.[3]

In 2019 the U.S. provided $3.8 billion in foreign military aid to Israel.[4] Israel also benefits from $8 billion of loan guarantees.[5]

Since 1952 around 40 MoU’s and bilateral agreements were signed between the USA and Israel. The complete and detailed list is published by American-Israeli cooperative enterprise on this link.

64% of Israeli arms imports between 2014 and 2018 came from the U.S., according to SIPRI.[6] 14% of Israeli arms export between 2014-2018 went to the U.S.[7]

In 1996 the Counter-Terrorism Accord between the USA and Israel was signed.[8] The Agreement was about cooperation in information sharing, training, investigations, research and development and policymaking.

Homeland-Security:
At federal, state and local levels there is close Israeli-American cooperation on homeland security. There are many areas of partnership, including preparedness and protection of travel and trade. Some examples:

  • In 2004 Israeli designed Hermes 450 drones, made by Elbit Systems, began operation on the US-Mexican border to prevent migrants from crossing into the US.
  • In 2005 U.S national guard leaders visited Israel to forge cooperation on Home Front Command.
  • In 2010 the USA and Israel sigend an agreement to increase aviation security cooperation
  • Israeli educational training, cyber security and arms are used in many American international airports.
  • In 2014 the US department of homeland security secured Israeli firm Elbit Systems for a $145 million contract to upgrade and secure the US borders. The agreement includes the import of Israeli surveillance equipment.

Cyber-security, Science and Technology

In 2008 the US and Israel signed an agreement to increase their science and technology cooperation. The agreement includes sharing of information, personnel exchanges, enhancement of security of physical and online infrastructures and research in protection from nuclear, chemical and biological attacks.

In 2016 the Israel National Cyber Bureau (INCB) and the National Cyber Security Authority signed a cyber defense cooperation agreement with officials from the US department of Homeland Security. In 2017 the USA and Israel formed a bilateral working group to fight cyber-attacks. The cooperation includes American congressmen, FBI agents, members of the US defense and homeland security departments and members of the Israeli Shin Bet, the Israeli military, the department of foreign affairs and defense ministries.

The United States and Israel have cooperated on intelligence matters since the 1950s. Israel provided the US with information on weapons systems captured from different sources and with human intelligence. The U.S. provided Israel with satellite imagery. The NSA has acknowledged that it provides Israel with raw unfiltered information intercepts that include private details and messages of American citizens. [9]

Joint Development

1988 – joint development of the “Arrow” anti-ballistic missile program, that was funded by Israel and the US.[10]

2003 – USA and Israel signed an agreement to cooperate in the development of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The agreement includes a special bilateral security deal that permits Israel to give input on the design. An Israeli program office was opened in Washington[11]. In 2013 the Pentagon decided to include a helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) developed by Elbit and Rockwell Collins in all F-35 jets.[12]

2015 – the U.S.-Israel Anti-Tunnel Defense Cooperation Act – USA initiated a joint research and development program with Israel aimed at evaluating and addressing tunnel threats.[13]

2011-2019 – joint design and development of Iron Dome missile defense system. Design and tracking radar built by Elta, battle management and weapon control system designed by mPrest Systems, the missing firing unit developed by Rafael. As of April 2018, the United States had provided $1.397 billion to Israel for Iron Dome batteries, interceptors, coproduction costs, and general maintenance. In January 2019, the U.S. Army was expected to request funding from Congress to procure two Iron Dome batteries. The $373 million deal would include 240 Tamir interceptor missiles, twelve launchers, and two radars and command trailers.[14]

Joint military and police training and cooperation:

Police: since 2002 thousands of American law enforcement officials have trained in Israel with Israeli police, military, and the Shin Bet. And thousands more have participated in security conferences and workshops with Israeli military, law enforcement and security officials held in the U.S. For a full report on Israeli American police cooperation – click here.

Military: Israeli and American infantry, naval and air forces are training and cooperating on a regular base. Hundreds of delegations, joint military exercises and training courses have been held since the year 2000.[15]

In 2017 the USA and Israel decided to build a new U.S. military base at the Israeli Air Defense School near Beersheba. The base will support a contingent of American soldiers who will operate missile and rocket defense systems.[16]

Israel involvement in the Gulf war: Israeli Arms used by American forces: Pioneer UAV, Have Nap Air-launced missiles (on American B52 Bombers), Mine plows, Mobile bridges, conformal fuel tanks for F15 aircraft (developed by IAI), Night vision goggles, Litening targeting pods.

Israel involvement in the Kosovo war: Israeli-designed drones were used in NATO’s operation in Kosovo and Serbia, gathering intelligence and data. Used: Hunter UAV (IAI), Pioneer UAV (IAI).

Israel involvement in the Iraq war: Israel contributed military intelligence on the region. Israeli arms were used by USA in the war: Popeye (AGM-142), Hunter UAV, Pioneer UAV, Litening Targeting Pods. US forces were trained bjy Israeli units in the US and in Israel. [17]

Israel’s involvement in border protection at the U.S.-Mexico border:

  • integrated fixed towers system (Elbit): In usage by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in U.S. Border Patrol Casa Grande Area of Responsibility in Arizona since 2014. In July 2019, 55 towers were deployed.[18] The first deal with Elbit was in 2014 ($145m)[19], an additional contract in 2019 ($26m).[20]
  • Hermes 450 drones have been used since 2004 on the U.S. Mexico border. [21]
  • Drone-interception-system was ordered by U.S. Border Patrol from ELTA/IA for usage on Mexican border. It will be delivered by the end of 2020. The Stormguard ELM-2135 will be part of the system. [22]

Israel influences on US police violence and control and suppression of protests:  around 20 years of U.S.-Israeli exchange of tactics used in police violence and control, including mass surveillance, racial profiling and the suppression of protests and dissent. Research by JVP and RAIA from 2018 shows that thousands of law enforcement officials from the U.S. have been sent to Israel to meet with military and police forces and to participate in conferences, training, and workshops. [23]

The US has the highest reported criminal incarceration rate in the world, with 2.2 million people in jails and prisons and another 4.5 million on probation and parole as of 2017. Stark racial disparities exist in the prison population with an imprisonment rate for black men that is almost six times the rate for white men. The death penalty is allowed in 29 states. [24]

Nearly 1,000 individuals were killed by law enforcement personnel using firearms in 2018. The limited data available suggested that Black people were disproportionately impacted by police use of lethal force.[25]

The USA continued to implement increasingly draconian immigration policies to drastically limit access to asylum procedures at the US-Mexico border, resulting in irreparable harm to thousands of individuals and families. These policies included ongoing unlawful mass pushbacks of tens of thousands of asylum-seekers at the US-Mexico border (constituting refoulement); and the forced return to Mexico of tens of thousands of asylum-seekers under the so-called “Migrant Protection Protocols”.[26]

The authorities also detained asylum-seekers arbitrarily and indefinitely as a means of deterring them from seeking protection and/or compelling them to give up their asylum claims, thereby inflicting cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Children, women, older people, LGBTI people and people with disabilities or acute medical conditions were at particular risk of such ill-treatment from the agony of arbitrary detention and inadequate detention facilities.[27]

In 2019 US officials continued to regularly separate migrant children from adult relatives, including from parents. The Trump administration announced in 2019 a new regulation that would allow children and their families to be detained indefinitely.[28]

The US government violated the rights of human rights defenders, including deterring and punishing people that documented systematic human rights violations by US authorities[29]. A leaked government document showed that CBP had made a list of journalists, activists, and others addressing immigration issues near the country’s southern border.[30]

Regarding surveillance and data protection, in August 2019, the Trump administration asked Congress to renew section 215 of the USA Patriot Act, which has enabled the National Security Agency (NSA) to gather, store, and search hundreds of millions of US telephone records in violation of human rights.[31]

Globally:

The USA repeatedly resorted to lethal force in countries around the world, including using armed drones, in violation of its obligations under international human rights law. This usage may have resulted in unlawful killings and injuries, in some cases constituting war crimes.

In May 2019, the Department of Defense reported that in 2018, 120 civilians were killed and approximately 65 civilians injured during US military operations in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and Somalia, and no civilian casualties from US operations in Yemen or Libya[32]. Independent tracking organizations published civilian casualty estimates related to US operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Yemen, and Libya that far exceed those of the Defense Department.[33]

US airstrikes in Afghanistan reached record levels in 2019, with over 8,000 bombs and missiles dropped on Afghanistan between January and September 2019, killing and injuring over 800 civilians, at least 250 of them children. An estimated 14,000 US troops remained in Afghanistan, including US special forces involved in combat operations. CIA-backed Afghan paramilitary units outside the regular chain of command have committed extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances.[34]

MANPADS

TROPHY

Iron Fist

Spike-NLOS

Kfir aircraft

Skyhawk aircraft

Litening

Iron Dome

Golan APC

Popeye missile

Tower System

SKUNK

MH-60 HDTS

Integrated Fixed Tower System

Cybersecurity training center

TCLS

TROPHY

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Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
MANPADS (Man Portable Aerial Defense System)
ELTA/IAI
2017
$15.5m
Link
Skystar 180 surveillance balloon
RT
2015
Link
Passive Airborne Warning System
Elbit
2020
$471m
for F-16 fighter jets, US Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Command
Link
TROPHY Active Protection System (APS)
Rafael
2018
$193m
for tanks
Link
Iron Fist Light (Common Laser Range Finder) protection system
Elbit
2015
$73.3m
for it’s armored personnel carriers
Link
453 Cardom 120mm mortars
Soltam
2002 (2002-2010)
for Stryker mortar carrier
Sipri
Spike-NLOS SSM/ASM missiles
Rafael
2019
for use by AH-64E combat helicopters
Sipri, Link
six Kfir C-2 aircrafts
IAI
2001-2002 (2002-2004)
second hand, for training
Sipri
13 Skyhawk Aircrafts
2000 (2001)
second hand, for training
Sipri, Link
450 Litening targeting pods (different types)
Rafael
2000-2019
more than $265m
for combat aircrafts
Sipri, Link
Iron Dome System
Rafael
2019
$373m
includes: two command posts and radars,12 launchers,480 Tamir CAS missiles
Link
60 Golan APC armored vehicles
Rafael
2007
$37m
(part of MRAP2 program) for usage in Iraq
Sipri
9 EL/M-2022 Airborne Maritime Surveillance Radar
IAI
2006 (2008-2010), 2012 (2016-2017)
Sipri
two Aerostar tactical UAVs
Aeronautics
2004
for training
Sipri
292 Popeye / AGM-142A Air-to-Surface missiles
Rafael
1998 (2000-2005)
Spiri
In-Fill Radar and Tower System
Elbit
2017
for U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Link
aircraft support services
Elbit
2017
$176m
Link
SKUNK crowd control weapon
Odortec
2015
for water cannons
Link
MH-60 helmet display tracker systems (HDTS)
Elbit
2017
$49m
Link
operator interface and computer processing
Elbit
2017
$166m
Link
cockpit display systems
Elbit
2017
for Lockheed Martin’s F-35 aircraft
Link
Integrated Fixed Tower (IFT) Border Security System
Elbit
2017
for U.S. Customs and Border Protection for the Douglas, Arizona, Area of Responsibility
Link
Cybersecurity Training and Simulation Center
Elbit, Cyberbit
2017
for Baltimore Cyber Range and Cyberbit
Link
Head-Up Displays
Elbit
2017
$31.5m
for Aviator Night Vision Imaging Systems
Link
Elbit Systems buys Universal Avionics for $120m
Elbit
2018
Cockpit solutions
Link
MV-22 Sustainment
Elbit
2018
$16m
Link
Two-Color Laser System (TCLS)
Elbit
2019
for Raytheon’s Multi-Spectral Targeting System.
Link
upgrade of avionics on the intelligence planes
Elbit
2019
$5m
Link
ISR avionics refresh
Elbit
2019
$5-21m
for Air National Guard RC-26B
Link
HERO-30 loitering munitions
UVision
2019
manufacturing in the U.S.
Link
Integrated Fixed Surveillance Tower Project
Elbit
2014
$145m
for arizona-mexico border
Link
Integrated Fixed Towers System
Elbit
2019
$26m
for Arizona
Link
Logistical Support and Maintenance of Various Aircraft
Elbit
2019
USA
Link
cockpit displays, embedded training systems, datalinks
Elbit
2019
for pilot training aircraft.
Link
100 aircraft wings
Elbit
2019
$35m
for F-35
Link
repair of digital display indicator
Elbit
2019
$85m
for US Navy
Link
Marines binoculars
Elbit
2019
$25m
Link
Trophy anti-missile protection systems
Rafael
2019
$500m
Link
12,000 Laser probes upgrades
Elbit
2019
for air-to-ground missiles
Link
Missile Warning Technology
Elbit
2020
$472m
for F-16 combat jets
Link
2 Hermes 450 drones
Elbit
2004
supply to CPB for usage on mexican border
Link
ELM-2135 StormGuard drone-interception system
Elta/IAI
2020
for US border patrol
Link
Helmet Display Tracker Systems
Elbit
2020
$31m
to the Navy for Knighthawk/Seahawk Pilots
Link