Introduction Israel and Romania hold close diplomatic, economic, military and cyber relations. It is estimated that Israel has sold Romania over $1 billion weaponry over the past 25 years. The deals list includes among others drones, missiles, vehicles and surveillance technologies. Israeli arms and cyber companies have extensive presence in Romania with subsidiaries, factories and […]


Introduction Israel and Spain maintain close economic and military relations. Israel has exported to Spain a large amount of military equipment, weapons, security technology and military training since the 1990s. Israel and Spain have also close ties in matters of military Research & Development. Israeli arms are also manufactured in Spain with Israeli licenses. Israel […]


Introduction Israel and Netherlands maintain close diplomatic, economic, and military relations. The Netherlands, being one of the largest trading partners for Israel, imported goods from Israel worth $2,2b in 2018. Israel exported a wide variety of arms to the Netherlands between 2000-2019, including drones, air-to-ground missiles, battle management systems and Reccelite systems. The two countries […]


Introduction Israel and Italy maintain close ties in the fields of diplomacy, trade, science (research and development), technology and security. Italy is Israel’s third largest and Israel is Italy’s 5th largest supplier of Arms in 2020. Italy and Israel conducted dozens of arms deals, many of them being reciprocal agreements. Israeli and Italian military forces […]


Introduction Israel and Ireland keep close economic and military ties. Beside of a number of trade and R&D agreements the two countries established the IBBN, that develops bilateral investment. In 2018 Israel’s exports to Ireland were worth $114m. Ireland has bought €14.7m worth of arms and military components from Israel between 2006-2016, including artillery control […]


Introduction Israel and Hungary maintain close economic and military relations. Hungary acquired a number of significant arms, including anti-aircraft systems, artillery, drones and cyber technologies. Israel – Hungary Relations Since 2010 Hungary’s Prime Minister Orban has built alliances with Israel, especially former Prime Minister Netanyahu.[1]Netanyahu, Orban, and the Resurgence of Antisemitism: Lessons of the Last […]


Introduction Israel and Greece are strong collaborators in aspects of military, intelligence, economy and culture. They are part of the “Energy Triangle”, that refers to the extraction of gas from Israel and Cyprus to Europe through Greece. Greece and Israel maintain strong military cooperation around joint army exercises and the share of intelligence information. Israel […]


Introduction Germany and Israel hold close diplomatic and economic ties, with Germany being one of Israel’s most important military and security partners in the EU. Israel is one of five most important military exporters for Germany and provided Germany among others with anti-tank missiles, drones and military radars. Israel and Germany established advanced cooperation around […]


Introduction Israel supplied arms to Georgia, including missiles and drones as well as training Georgian troops, until 2008 when the Ministry of Defense stopped issuing permits to trade arms with Georgia. This was apparently to avoid antagonising Russia as tensions between Russia and Georgia increased culminating in the South Ossetia war in 2008. Since then […]


Introduction Israel and Finland hold close economic and military relations. The total value of the Finnish-Israeli arms trade is close to 200 million euros, most of it has been conducted between 2000-2022. Finland acquired among others UAVs, anti-tank missiles, tank ammunition, communication systems and camouflage systems from Israeli arms companies. Israel – Finland Relations Finland […]